To many people the idea of using a balloon to spy on a country may seem ludicrous. However, the reality is that when you have to dominate your opponents, you will use any means. Along with this, many methods are adopted by countries to collect intelligence. Some of these are…
‘Signals Intelligence’ is a major method of intelligence gathering. It uses a variety of ground- and space-based techniques to target signals and communications from target equipment. This often leads to very sensitive information, which explains why ‘signals intelligence’ is considered the most controversial method of espionage.
Geospatial espionage deals with human activities on the ground below it, including waterways. It typically focuses on military and civilian construction, human activities (such as the movement of refugees and migrants), and natural resources. Geospatial espionage is done on the basis of information obtained through satellites, drones, high flying aircraft and even balloons. Spy balloons can not only collect images and signals, but also perform chemical analysis of the air. These are not common because the balloons are easily visible to the public.
Image espionage is closely related to geospatial espionage. Satellites, drones and aircraft are also often used in this. It targets the strategic movement of troops and weapon systems, especially targeting military bases, nuclear arsenals and other strategic assets.
Cyber espionage is commonly associated with ‘signals intelligence’, but differs in that it uses people directly (eg via hackers) to enter protected systems and obtain information. It is carried out by direct unauthorized access to a system through signals, malware or hackers. Countries can also target their allies’ networks with this.
open source intelligence
This is the newest way to spy. The information in this comes from a variety of primary sources such as newspapers, blogs, officially shared information and reports. Other sources are information from WikiLeaks, The Intercept and social media platforms etc.
This is the oldest method of espionage and probably the most well known. Spies are generally divided into three categories, declared intelligence officers, those working officially undercover, and military and embassy/civilian aid workers who are unofficial spies and often work in commercial, academic and business circles. work on positions.