United Nations, Dec 29 (PTI) New Delhi’s presence in the world body strikes a “critical balance” with the start of India’s two-year term as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in January 2021. During this time, this powerful unit of the United Nations also faced issues of other geopolitical crisis including Afghanistan.
India began its term in the 15-member council amid the ongoing outbreak of Covid-19 in the world. As the economies of the countries started coming back on track and the borders started to open, the Omicron form of the corona virus knocked.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres recently said at his last press conference of the year, “I am deeply concerned. If things don’t go well and don’t get better fast, we will have to face tough times ahead. Covid-19 is not going to go away. It has become clear that vaccine alone will not end the pandemic.
In the first year of its two-year tenure as a non-permanent member at the UNSC, India provided the necessary balance in the global body of five permanent members. India has also ensured that the Council’s polarization on an issue does not impair its ability to take a well-considered approach. In his address to the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly in September, Prime Minister Narendra Modi took a veiled attack on Pakistan, saying countries with “regressive thinking” that use terrorism as a political tool should understand that It is an equally great danger for them.
The Prime Minister also requested to ensure that no country takes advantage of the deplorable situation in Afghanistan and does not use it for its own benefit. Prime Minister Modi said, “If the United Nations has to keep itself relevant, then it has to improve its effectiveness, increase its credibility.” Also said that today many questions are being raised in the United Nations.
The Prime Minister said, “We have seen this during the climate and Covid-19 crisis. The ongoing proxy war-terrorism in many parts of the world and the crisis in Afghanistan have deepened these questions. called upon.
India’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations T.S. Tirumurti told PTI, “We are at a very critical juncture in the Security Council, where we are not only battling the unprecedented corona virus pandemic, but also ideological gaps both in the Security Council and outside.” , which need to be bridged through more collective action rather than individual initiative.
India said that as a neighboring country of Afghanistan, the country’s situation is of “great concern” to it and hoped to have an inclusive regime, representing all sections of Afghan society.
The UNSC, chaired by India, passed an important resolution demanding that the territory of Afghanistan should not be used to threaten any country or harbor terrorists and hopes that the Taliban, the country’s people and Will “comply” with commitments for evacuation of foreign nationals.
The United Nations Security Council, chaired by India, also unanimously adopted two important documents on the issue of peacekeeping. External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar underlined that India believes in acting rather than talking when it comes to the security of UN peacekeepers. In August, Jaishankar, as chairman of the Security Council, hosted an open debate on peacekeeping under the theme ‘Protecting the Defenders’.
During the meeting, the Presidential Statement on ‘Accountability for Crimes Against United Nations Peacekeepers’ as well as ‘Technology for Peacekeeping’ was adopted.
The India-led UNSC in August underlined the supremacy of the United Nations Treaty on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which sets out the legal framework applicable to activities in the oceans, including combating illegal activities at sea. A clear message was sent to China through this proposal. This is of utmost importance as it is the first ever conclusion document by the UNSC on the issue of maritime security.