The results of the by-elections to 3 Lok Sabha and 29 assembly seats were declared on November 2 in the country. The results of this by-election have shown a mirror to the political parties ahead of the elections to be held in five states. In this by-election, a very amazing trend came to the fore, where the party which had the government got votes from that party. While regional parties performed very well in this by-election, the results of the by-elections for national parties were mixed. But if the BJP’s defeat in Himachal Pradesh will be very sad, then it can prove to be a turning point for the Congress, which will encourage them.
Himachal increased the problems of BJP
By-elections were held in Himachal in one Lok Sabha and three assembly seats, in all these seats the Congress was defeated by the BJP. The election of Mandi Lok Sabha seat was fought under the leadership of CM Jai Ram Thakur. In Jubbal-Kotkhai, the condition of BJP was so bad that they could not even save their deposit, these results of by-elections are going to increase the problems of BJP. Assembly elections are to be held in the state next year, which would not be wrong to say semi-finals, after the victory in the by-elections, the Congress is on the seventh sky, while the BJP has fallen on the floor. For the Congress, the victory of his former Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh’s wife in Himachal is also no less than a good sign.
whose seat of government in the state
A trend emerged in this by-election where it appeared that whose seat was in power. In fact, in the state where the party’s government is in power, people voted for the same party, in Assam, the BJP and its allies won all the five assembly seats in the by-elections. There was a Congress government in Rajasthan, where the Congress won both the assembly seats. If TMC was in power in West Bengal, they got victory, there is only one Himachal where BJP government was there but still it got defeat.
The impact of the peasant movement
Abhay Chautala, the Indian National Lok Dal’s MLA, who had by-polls to the assembly seat of Ellenabad in Haryana, had resigned from his post this year to protest the agriculture law enacted by the Centre. The seat of Ellenabad has always been the fort of the Indian National Lok Dal, from here once again the victory of Abhay Chautala. Abhay got 43.49 percent of the vote. Farmers were instrumental behind this victory, they were protesting against BJP’s candidate Govind Kanda from the very beginning. Due to the protest of the farmers, BJP had to face defeat from here.
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JDU won in Bihar
By-elections were held in two assembly seats in Bihar and both were won by JDU, JD(U) candidate Bhushan Hazari from Kusheshwarsthan and Rajiv Kumar Singh from Tarapur. Both these seats were already present with JDU, then went to them. In Kusheshwarsthan, JDU won quite easily but in Tarapur, RJD gave a tough fight. Before the by-election, there were cracks in the Grand Alliance, the message that all was not going well between RJD and Congress came to the fore. There was a tussle between the two parties from campaign to voting, while on the other hand the NDA remained completely united and in the end the result went in their favor.
Impact of by-elections on the coming five states
The parties are looking at the by-election with the elections of the coming five states, because these elections were not held in any one state but in 15 states. Assembly elections are due in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Manipur and Goa within a few months. This by-election is going to decide the plans of the parties, all the parties will plan ahead according to the results of the by-election. The performance of the BJP in the by-elections was mixed, but many policies of the Center gave them defeat in the by-elections. Like not taking any step on inflation, Himachal Chief Minister Jairam Ramesh told inflation as the reason behind the defeat. While BJP needs to take a lesson from Himachal’s defeat, Congress needs to continue its performance.
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