[ जापान का हाशिमा द्वीप ]
Dainik Bhaskar Bureau,
Hashima Island – Abandoned Island of Japan: Hashima Island is a small deserted island located about 15 kilometers from Nagasaki City in Japan, which contains within itself the horrific past of slavery. It is said that the bodies of 1,300 tortured civilians and prisoners of war are buried here, whose spirits wander inside the island. This island, which remained deserted for 40 years, is considered very dangerous to visit. There is still no entry of people in 95 percent of it.
According to the report of The Sun, this island is spread over 16 acres, which is also known as Gunkanjima. Due to its shape like a battleship, it is nicknamed Battleship Island. Even today this island can be seen surrounded by deserted buildings made of concrete.
History of Hashima Island –
After discovering its coal resources in 1887, Mitsubishi purchased Hashima Island in 1890. Here, a large number of laborers were needed to work in the coal mines under the sea, so buildings were built on the island to house the workers.
Japan’s first large reinforced concrete building was built on this island in 1916, consisting of a 7-storey apartment block for miners. Soon after, a school, kindergarten, hospital, community center and entertainment facilities were built for the miners and their families. At one time the population of this island was 5300.
When 1300 people died on the island –
Later this place became a place of terror for Korean and Chinese prisoners. From the 1930s until the end of the Second World War, prisoners and immigrants were taken to the island and then forced to work as slaves in the coal mines. It is estimated that more than 1,300 people died on the island from various causes, including underground accidents, exhaustion and malnutrition, with those who survived calling Gunkanjima Hell Island.
The island was abandoned in 1974 –
Japan’s coal industry came to a grinding halt in the 1960s. In 1974, when coal reserves were about to be exhausted, Mitsubishi was forced to close all operations on the island. Soon after, all the inhabitants left, leaving the island completely deserted. It was opened once again in April 2009. Now it is open for tourism, more than 95 percent of the island is considered unsafe and it is strictly banned during tourism.
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