The air quality in Delhi is continuously falling. The air quality in the capital was the worst recorded in October after three years. According to a report, on the last day of October the capital’s air quality index was recorded at 327, which is still increasing continuously.
According to Central Pollution Control Board data, Delhi’s average AQI was recorded at 257 in October 2020. Moreover, AQI was recorded at 173 in October 2021 and 210 in October 2022. On the other hand, the situation in Mumbai is also not good. Here also the air quality is in very poor category. Mumbai Air Pollution Control Board has issued an advisory regarding this. In this, Hindustan Petroleum (HP), Tata Power and other companies have been asked to reduce their production to half (50%).
Less rain and stubble burning are major reasons for increase in pollution.
Scientists have expressed concern about increasing pollution. According to him, less rainfall is a major reason for increase in pollution. This year in October, there was 5.4 mm rainfall only on one day. Whereas, there was 129 mm rainfall for 6 days in October 2022 and 123 mm rainfall for 7 days in October 2021.
Stubble is burning in Punjab-Haryana, wind is spoiling Delhi
Stubble burning in the states surrounding Delhi is also being considered as one of the main reasons for increasing pollution. Stubble burning is still going on in the northern part of the country including Haryana and Punjab. Due to this, smog is increasing in the air in Delhi, Noida, Gurugram and surrounding areas. So far this year, more than 2500 cases of stubble burning have been reported. However, the number of farm fires is better than in the last two years.
GRAP-2 implemented in Delhi to improve air quality
According to the Environment Ministry of Delhi, there is a ban on the use of coal and wood under GRAP-2 in Delhi-NCR. Also, pollution can be controlled by more trips of CNG and electric buses, regular cleaning and sprinkling of roads and preventing traffic jams. Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) Pollution in Delhi and National Capital Region (NCR) Is a document of rules and measures designed to deal with.
Punjab released data of stubble burning, Haryana released two maps
On October 26, the Punjab government had reported a decline in cases of stubble burning in the state. While releasing the figures regarding this, he had said that in comparison to 2022, there was a 53 percent reduction in the cases of stubble burning between September 15 and October 25 in 2023. During this period, cases of stubble burning had reduced from 5798 to 2704. At the same time, the Haryana government had released two maps of 25 and 26 October quoting the American space agency NASA. CM’s OSD Jawahar Yadav had said that more cases of burning of fires have been reported in Punjab than in Haryana. NASA has released the data related to this.
AQI reached 250 in Delhi and 139 in Mumbai: 25 years ago there was no pollution in 30% areas of the country, now only 9% such areas.
As the weather becomes cold, smog has started appearing in the air. On Thursday morning, AQI (Air Quality Index) was recorded at 256 in Delhi and AQI 139 in Mumbai. These figures have been released by the System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research.
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