The PM Modi government has today announced that the birth anniversary of Birsa Munda (November 15) will be celebrated as Tribal Pride Day this year. Paying tribute to revered tribal freedom fighter Birsa Munda, Prime Minister Narendra Modi termed the decision as “historic”. PM Modi also inaugurated a museum in Ranchi in memory of Birsa Munda. Let us inform that every year, Jharkhand Foundation Day is celebrated on 15 November. The state was formed on November 15, 2000, after separating the Chotanagpur region from the southern part of the state of Bihar. Also, the date of November 15 is important as it is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the tribal leader, Birsa Munda, also known as Lord Birsa.
who was birsa munda
Birsa Munda Born on November 15, 1875, Munda was a young freedom fighter and tribal leader who led a rebellion against the British Raj in the late 19th century. A part of the Munda tribe, the freedom fighter spent most of his childhood in the Chota Nagpur plateau. Which was earlier a part of Bihar. Birsa Munda strengthened tribal communities like Santhal, Tamar, Kol, Bhil, Khasi and Mizo to participate in India’s freedom struggle.
Birsa Munda is the god of tribals
Birsa was one of those leaders who is revered as ‘God’ by tribal communities across the country. Born in 1875 in the tribal region of undivided Bihar, Birsa Munda mobilized tribals against British colonial rule and conversion activities and died in Ranchi jail in 1900. The rebellion under his leadership came to be called the Munda Rebellion or Ulgulan (Rebellion).
Also read: On Jharkhand’s foundation day, PM Modi inaugurates Bhagwan Birsa Munda Museum, it will be easier to understand tribal society
raised voice for tribals
Munda was captured by the British Army in the year 1900. He died in Ranchi Jail on June 9, 1990 at the age of 25. Munda’s rebellion mobilized the tribal community against colonial rule. It also compelled the authorities to introduce laws regarding land rights of tribal communities such as the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act in 1908. Let us tell that during the time of the British government, the tribal community was struggling badly with the policies of exploitation and oppression. Their lands were being snatched away and they were being treated badly for raising their voices. Munda was always ahead to stop those atrocities.
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