These days, students are protesting in many places in the state of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar for recruitment in railways in the country. It is worth noting that for the first time in the country, students are protesting on such a large scale for employment. But have you ever thought that when students from all over the country apply for government jobs like railways, then why do only the students of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar hold protests? So we tell you why only UP Bihar students protest and protest. The simple answer is that these two states account for one-fourth of the total unemployed in the country.
According to the Periodic Labor Force Survey (PLFS) 2018-19 data, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh account for 25.5% of the youth in the age group of 15 to 29 years across the country. While the contribution of these two states in the total population of the country is about 24.5 percent. In line with their size, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar account for about 23.5 per cent of the total unemployed across all age groups in the country. At the same time, the share of these two states in unemployment in the age group of 15 to 29 years is about 22.9 percent.
Is unemployment increasing due to lack of education?
General education is the most responsible for unemployment in these two states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. According to a survey on education by the National Statistical Office (NSO), 96 per cent of Bihar’s students had registered themselves for general courses in arts, science and commerce pursuing graduation or higher. It is worth noting that in this also the highest 70 percent of the students had registered themselves in the arts class.
At the same time, in Uttar Pradesh too, the number of people who registered for the general course was about 85 percent. However, in Assam and Jharkhand too, the number of students who registered for the general course was more than 90 per cent. Whereas in Telangana the lowest 1.6 per cent students had registered themselves in the arts stream. It is worth noting that Kerala has the highest enrollment of 43.1 percent students in technical courses.
Also read: Will the price of domestic LPG cylinder increase in the budget (2022 -2023)?
Highest unemployment in the age group of 15 to 24 in the country
According to 2019 data from the World Bank, our country has the lowest labor force participation rate (LPFR) among youth (15-24 age group) and the highest unemployment rate among our neighboring countries. According to the data, the LPFR in the country (aged 15-24) was 27.06 percent and the unemployment rate was 23.01 percent. Whereas in our neighboring country Bangladesh this figure was seen at 41.97 percent and 12.13 percent. Whereas in developed countries like China, the labor force participation rate of youth was seen at 45.55 percent and the unemployment rate was 11.01 percent. Similarly, if we look at the labor force participation rate in America, it is 52.37 percent and the unemployment rate is 8.3 percent. At the same time, the labor force participation rate in the less developed country Brazil is 56.57 percent and the unemployment rate is 27.47 percent.
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