Symptoms of acrocyanosis
Pain in the hands and feet that is not accompanied by cyanosis is the most notable sign of the condition. Symptoms of acrocyanosis may include a feeling of coolness in the affected areas, bluish discoloration of the skin, swollen fingers, excessive sweating of the extremities, cyanosis may occur around the mouth, and in some cases, the forearms, ears, lips, nose, or nipples. The color may also fade. Acrocyanosis can be primary or secondary in response to autoimmune, neurologic, infectious, and metabolic causes. Acrocyanosis is common in newborns and can occur after the baby is born, so it takes time for the circulatory system to adjust to changes in the body and environment.
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The exact cause of primary acrocyanosis is not known. In newborns, changes in blood circulation may be the primary cause. Acrocyanosis can result from the narrowing of the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood to the organs.
Secondary acrocyanosis is usually caused by an underlying condition and may be accompanied by pain in discolored areas. This can be seen with central acrocyanosis. This may occur with any of the following conditions. Down syndrome, hypoxemia, connective tissue diseases, neoplasms, malnutrition, blood disorders, exposure to toxins, infections, mitochondrial disease, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, spinal cord injury and atopic dermatitis.
who gets acrocyanosis
Low body mass index (BMI), constant exposure to cold temperatures, presence of problems related to the circulatory system that mainly affect the blood vessels,
Girls may be at a slightly higher risk than boys.
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treatment of acrocyanosis
In most cases, primary acrocyanosis does not require any treatment. In many cases, there is no need to give medicine. In cold weather the child should be kept warm to avoid acrocyanosis. To prevent the baby from getting cold, wrap it in a towel after bathing.
Treatment of secondary acrocyanosis depends on the underlying cause and symptoms. Secondary acrocyanosis goes away when the underlying condition is treated. Some conditions, such as genetic problems, may require long-term management to avoid secondary acrocyanosis.
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