Cervical cancer is one of the deadliest cancers in women. According to a NCBI report, 1 out of every 53 women in India has cervical cancer. Which is twice as much as developed countries. Here 1 out of 100 women have to face this cancer. This cancer accounts for 17 percent of the deaths of women between the ages of 30 and 69. In such a situation, today is a very important day for the women of the country. To prevent cervical cancer, now economical vaccination can be done in the country itself. In such a situation, on this occasion, we are telling you important information related to vaccination and cervical cancer.
What is cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix in women. This cancer, which starts from the vagina, has the ability to spread very quickly from the bladder, rectum to the lungs. The cervix is part of the private part. It connects the vagina to the upper part of the uterus. Long-lasting infection caused by certain types of human papilloma virus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer. HPV is a common virus that is transmitted from person to person during sex.
symptoms of cervical cancer
- severe back pain
- Persistent pain below the navel
- abnormal vaginal bleeding
- pain during sex
- bleeding after menopause
- vaginal discharge
- pain to urinate
Cervical cancer status in India
Cervical cancer in India is the second most common cancer among women aged 15 to 44 years. It mostly occurs in women over the age of 30.
It takes 15 to 20 years for cervical cancer to develop in women with a normal immune system, but it may take only 5 to 10 years for a person with a weakened immune system. World Health Organization (WHO) According to statistics, since 2019 till now, about 42 lakh women have died of cervical cancer in India.
Measures to prevent cervical cancer
Screening tests and the HPV vaccine can help prevent cervical cancer. It is believed that after the age of 21, it is diagnosed at an early stage by getting routine checkups done. In this case the risk of life is less. It also increases the chances of a long life and a good life.
What is HPV Vaccine
The HPV vaccine protects against the types of HPV that most often cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers. The cervical cancer vaccine, the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (qHPV), is developed by the Serum Institute of India (SII) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT). The qHPV vaccine CERVAVAC demonstrated a robust antibody response that is approximately 1,000-fold higher for all targeted HPV types and across all doses and age groups.
How effective is the cervical vaccine made in India
According to a report in the Indian Journal of Medical and Pediatric Oncology published by the National Center for Biotechnology Information The efficacy of HPV – Vaccine has been shown to be 95.8% in a 3-year study. But it has been seen that this vaccine is 100% effective in protecting women from cervical cancer and vulvar cancer.
What is the cost of cervical cancer vaccine in India
The vaccine is likely to be available at a very affordable rate. Presently the country is completely dependent on foreign manufacturers. The HPV vaccine is manufactured by three foreign companies, of which two companies sell their vaccines in India. Currently, each dose of the vaccine is available in the market for more than Rs 4,000.
When will the cervical cancer vaccine be available in India?
The government may launch the vaccine under the National Immunization Program for girls in the age group of 9-14 years in the next few months.
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Disclaimer: This article is for general information only. It cannot in any way be a substitute for any medicine or treatment. Always contact your doctor for more details.