Senior Consultant Gastroenterology Dr. Neeraj Jain at Indore Status Care CHL Hospital According to the WHO, colon cancer is the fifth most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world. Every year more than one million people are diagnosed with gastric cancer worldwide. It is the fourth most common cancer in India and the second largest cause of cancer death in India. The risk of gastric cancer is 2 to 4 times higher in men than in women in India and occurs in the age group of 45 to 55 years. Let us know what are the causes, symptoms, risk factors and ways to avoid stomach cancer.
Types and causes of gastric cancer
Adenocarcinoma (most common type 90-95%), gastrointestinal stromal tumor neuroendocrine tumor, lymphoma. If we talk about the causes and risk factors of gastric cancer, then these include-
- Smoking / Alcohol / Tobacco
- Stomach inflammation (gastrontitis)
- infection with H pylori bacteria
- pernicious anemia
- Salted, Pickled, Smoked Foods
- diet low in fruits and vegetables
- family history of colon cancer
symptoms of gastric cancer
- loss of appetite
- weight loss
- indigestion heartburn
- stomach ache
- feeling full after a small amount of food
- black stool
ways to prevent stomach cancer
- keep weight under control
- Avoid smoking, alcohol, tobacco
- Get treated for H pylori infection
- do regular physical exercise
- eat a healthy diet
what to eat to prevent stomach cancer
Foods that are rich in Vitamin C like green vegetables (spinach, tomato, broccoli, lemon), fruits (orange, pineapple, papaya) which are antioxidant and prevent DNA degradation and protect against gastric cancer. Carotene-rich foods (carrots, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, avocados, corn, etc.) reduce the production of carcinogens.
keep these things in mind
Consumption of antioxidant-rich substances such as dryfruits, selenium, zinc, lutein, lycopene, flavonoids and vitamins A, C and E etc. reduces the risk of cancer. In alkaline form it is called Mediterranean. Do not consume excessive salt (destroys the mucosal barrier of the stomach and increases the chances of cancer).
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Disclaimer: This article is for general information only. It cannot be a substitute for any medicine or treatment in any way. Always consult your doctor for more details.