In the world of cinema, from direction to camera and music, men have always dominated. When cinema started 100 years ago, at that time women were not even accepted as heroines. But just as Durgabai Kamat broke that restriction by becoming the first female heroine of Indian cinema, Jaddanbai Hussain also created history by becoming the first female music composer of Hindi cinema. He and Saraswati Devi entered the world of music together.
Born in a brothel, mother Dilipa Bai was a courtesan
Jaddanbai Hussain was born to Dilipa Bai, a famous tawaif of a brothel in Allahabad. Since Jaddanbai was brought up and brought up in a brothel, she was inclined towards thumri to songs since childhood. Did riyaz of songs since childhood. God had given such a voice that whoever heard it would have been drawn towards Jaddanbai. It is said that after hearing Jaddanbai’s voice, two Brahmin youths agreed to marry her and even converted to Islam. Jaddanbai’s discussions started happening far and wide in the brothel itself. Even though Jaddanbai was brought up in a brothel, there was only thumri and dancing and singing there. Jaddanbai was also engrossed in it. He inherited singing and dancing from his mother Dilipa Bai. Jaddanbai started carrying forward this legacy of her mother.
The rulers of the states used to call songs, sang a lot of thumri
Later Jaddanbai decided to become a singer and she came out of the brothel world first to Kolkata and then to Mumbai. Here, apart from singing, he also acted and directed in films. After coming to Mumbai, Jaddanbai first took training from Shrimant Ganpat Rao and then from Ustad Moinuddin Khan, Ustar Chaddu Khan Saheb and Ustad Lab Khan Saheb. Gradually Jaddanbai became more famous than her mother. Now even the rulers of cities like Bikaner to Kashmir, Indore, Rampur and Jodhpur started inviting him to sing in their states. He sang ghazals in many radio stations, whose magic used to speak on people’s heads. He would become crazy about Jaddanbai’s voice. Jaddanbai also recorded ghazals with the Columbia Gramophone Company.
Opened production company, launched Nargis
In the year 1933, Jaddanbai made her acting debut with the film ‘Raja Gopichand’. After this he also worked in a Pakistani film. After acting in a few films, Jaddanbai opened her own production house in 1935 named ‘Sangeet Films’. Under its banner, Jaddanbai produced the first film ‘Talaash-e-Haq’. Jaddanbai not only acted in this film, but also gave its music. In this way Jaddanbai became the first female music composer of Indian cinema.
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That’s why the production company closed
Jaddanbai launched daughter Nargis as a child artist with ‘Talaash-e-Haq’. But by 1940, many big production houses had entered. Due to this, the production of films started on a large scale. Things came to such a pass that Jaddanbai’s production company was shut down and she distanced herself from the film world. Jaddanbai died on 8 April 1949.
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