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HomeCareerJayanti special: 10 important things about BHU founder Malviya ji

Jayanti special: 10 important things about BHU founder Malviya ji

Highlights

  • Bapu had given the title of Mahamana to Malviya ji.
  • Apart from freedom fighter and social reformer, Malviya ji was also a journalist, lawyer and educationist.
  • It was Malviya ji who had given permission for the use of Hindi in government works.

Mahamana Malaviya ji was born on December 25, 1861 in Prayagraj to the great scholars of Sanskrit language, Pt. Brajnath and Moonadevi. He was the fifth son among his seven siblings. His father used to earn his livelihood by listening to the story of Shrimad Bhagwat. His ancestors were from Malwa in Madhya Pradesh. That’s why he is called ‘Malviya’. Later on, he also adopted the same casteist name.

Primary education
At the age of five, Mahamana Malaviya ji was admitted by his parents to Pandit Hardev Dharma Gyanopadesh Pathshala to get elementary education in Sanskrit language. After passing the primary examination from here, he was sent to the school run by Vidyavardhini Sabha of Prayag. After this he went to the district school of Allahabad to study. It was here that he started writing poems under the name of Makarand, which was published in many magazines and people liked it very much. Thereafter, in 1879 he passed his tenth examination from Mayor Central College, now known as Allahabad University. From here the principal of Harrison School sent him to the University of Calcutta by giving him a scholarship, from where he completed his B.A. in 1884 AD. Got the degree. After completing his studies, he first worked as a teacher. After that he practiced. He was also the editor of a news paper. In 1915, he founded the Banaras Hindu University. He was the founder of Hindu Mahasabha.

Popularized the word ‘Satyamev Jayate’, Bapu considered him as elder brother
The title of Mahamana was given to Madan Mohan Malviya by Mahatma Gandhi. Bapu considered him as his elder brother. It was Madan Mohan Mohan Malviya who popularized ‘Satyamev Jayate’, which has now become the national motto and is inscribed as a national emblem. Although this sentence was written thousands of years ago in the Upanishads, Madan Mohan Malaviya is behind the popularization of it. He had used this sentence in the Congress session of the year 1918. He was the President of Congress at that time. Madan Mohan Malviya presided over several sessions of the Congress. He presided over the Congress sessions of 1909, 1913, 1919 and 1932. Madan Mohan Malaviya played a major role in civil disobedience and non-cooperation movement. Malviya ji used to be very hopeful for the independence of the country. He once said, ‘Maybe I may not live long and I may be tight that India is still not free, but still I hope that I can see independent India.’ Madan Mohan Malviya died on 12 November 1946, a year before independence.

10 important things in the life of Mahamana Madan Mohan Malviya

1. Malviya ji was an expert in advocacy. During the British rule, 170 Indians were sentenced to death in the Chauri-Chaura incident, but Mahamana got 151 people freed from hanging on the basis of his ability and logic.

2. Malaviya was one of the founding leaders of the right-wing Hindu Mahasabha. Apart from being a freedom fighter and a politician, he was also a great educationist. Mahatma Gandhi used to admire his leadership style fiercely.

3. Malaviya ji is known as the founder of Banaras Hindu University (BHU). Malaviya established this university in 1916. Malaviya had traveled from Peshawar to Kanyakumari to fund the construction of the university. He had deposited an amount of 1 crore 64 lakhs.

4. During the non-cooperation movement, Malviya ji fought fiercely against the British rule. He encouraged the Swadeshi movement by boycotting British goods.

5. He fought a long struggle for the rights of Dalits and to break the bond of casteism. It was only after the initiative of Malviya ji that Dalits got entry in many Hindu temples.

6. In the year 1911, he left the law and started his life as a monk. However, his renunciation did not hinder the overthrow of the British. He fought a long struggle along with Annie Besant and other politicians to get freedom for the country.

Also read: Goa Liberation Day: Indian Army overthrew 450 years of Portuguese rule in 36 hours, read history

7. Malviya was the President of ‘Hindustan Times’ from 1924 to 1946. He was instrumental in launching Hindustan, the Hindi version of this English newspaper. Apart from ‘The Leader’, he edited Hindi monthly ‘Maryada’ and Hindi weekly ‘Abhyudaya’ newspaper.

8. The role of Malviya ji in the rise of Hindi is historical. He introduced Devanagari script and Hindi language to the courts by presenting various evidences in front of Sir Antony MacDonnell, Governor of Western Uttar Pradesh and Oudh in 1898. Since then, the use of this language started in government works.

9. Mahamana Madan Mohan Malaviya ji had donated 1360 acres of land to build Banaras Hindu University. It included 11 villages, 70 thousand trees, 100 pucca wells, 20 kutcha wells, 40 pucca houses, 860 kutcha houses, a temple and a dharamsala. The construction of this university started in 1915 with the chanting of five lakh Gayatri Mantras.

Also read: Lala Lajpat Rai: The story of Sher-e-Punjab, which stunned the British

10. An anecdote of Malaviya ji and Nizam of Hyderabad during the construction of BHU is very famous. When Malaviya ji asked for financial help from the Nizam, the Nizam said that I do not have money for charity, you can take my shoes. Malviya ji of humble nature did not say anything even after this insult and started auctioning Nizam’s shoes in the market. When the Nizam came to know about this, he felt insulted. He immediately called Malaviya ji and donated a huge amount.

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