On December 10, 1948, the United Nations talked about human rights for the first time by issuing the World Human Rights Declaration. Although officially this day was announced in 1950. The assembly invited all the countries to celebrate ‘International Human Rights Day’ on this day, after which the assembly passed resolution 423 (V) and issued a notice to all countries and related organizations to celebrate this day. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is available in more than 500 languages. At the same time, the Human Rights Act was implemented in India from 28 September 1993 and the ‘National Human Rights Commission’ was constituted on 12 October 1993, but the declaration was recognized by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948. But the day of 10 December was fixed for Human Rights Day.
Why is International Human Rights Day celebrated?
Human rights means some special rights received by every human living in the world, which bind the world together, protect every person, allow him to live in the world with freedom. There should be no discrimination against any person at any cost, there should be no problem, everyone can live their life happily and happily, so human rights were created. Human Rights Day is celebrated with the aim of making people aware of their rights. Human rights mean to give to human beings all those rights, which are related to the life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual. All these rights are present in the name of Fundamental Rights in Part-III of the Indian Constitution and those who violate these rights are punished by the court. Human rights also include the right to health, economic, social, and education. Human rights are those fundamental natural rights from which human beings cannot be deprived or oppressed on the basis of race, caste, nationality, religion, sex etc.
Human Rights in India
The National Human Rights Commission was constituted in India on 12 October 1993, since then the Human Rights Commission also works in the areas of political, economic, social and cultural work. Like wages, HIV AIDS, health, child marriage, women’s rights. The work of the Human Rights Commission is to make more and more people aware of their rights. However, if we talk about human rights in India, then it is clear that even today many people are not aware of human rights, while they are their own rights. Human rights abuses are common in backward states and villages where literacy levels are slightly lower. In such areas, the people who have the power, do not follow them and create pressure on the common people. In cities, people who are aware of human rights, but they also take wrong advantage of them.
Fundamental rights given to citizens in India
1. Equality or Right to Equality (Article 14 to Article 18)
2. Right to Freedom (Articles 19 to 22)
3. Right against Exploitation (Articles 23 to 24)
4. Right to Freedom of Religion (Articles 25 to 28)
5. Right to Culture and Education (Articles 29 to 30)
6. Constitutional rights (Article 32)
Fundamental Duties of Citizens of India
1. It will be the duty of every citizen of the country to abide by the constitution and respect its ideals, institutions.
2. To cherish and follow the high ideals that inspired the national movement.
3. Protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of the country and keep it intact.
4. Defend the country with all your ability.
5. To create a sense of harmony and equal fraternity among all the people of India.
6. Understand the importance of the glorious tradition of our social culture and build it.
7. To protect and enhance the natural environment.
8. Citizens should develop scientific attitude and the spirit of knowledge acquisition.
9. Citizens should protect public property.
10. Make continuous efforts to move towards excellence in all areas of collective and individual activities.
11. Providing primary education by a parent or guardian to children between the ages of 6 and 14 (86th Amendment).