What is Green Hydrogen Mission?
To reduce the problem of Carbon Emissions, the government has started the Green Hydrogen Mission with a big initiative. Not only India, countries around the world are looking for clean energy sources to reduce carbon emissions. Under this effort, green hydrogen is being used. Green hydrogen means the creation of hydrogen gas, but without pollution. Hydrogen is not available in the form of gas, so it is extracted with water ie H2O. When electricity passes through water, the hydrogen breaks apart. The energy that comes out of it is absolutely clean and pure. With the help of an electrolyzer, H2O is separated into hydrogen and oxygen. Most countries use conventional energy in this process, hence it is called gray hydrogen. On the other hand, when this process is done with energy sources like renewable energy i.e. solar energy, water energy, wind energy, biomass, then it is named as Green Energy. There is almost no pollution in green energy.
What is the goal of the government
The Government of India aims to manufacture 5 million tonnes of green hydrogen in India by the year 2030. This green energy will increase the country’s renewable energy capacity by 125 MW. The government will spend Rs 17 thousand 490 on implementing this project. And Rs 1,466 crore will be spent on the pilot project. Rs 400 crore will be spent for study research and development. With this mission, the government will focus on increasing the demand and export of green hydrogen along with production. Strategic Interventions for Green Hydrogen Transition Program (SIGHT) will be prepared for this mission. This target is not difficult for India, because water and cheap electricity are needed to make green hydrogen. Both are available in abundance in India.
emphasis on increasing demand
By the year 2050, by increasing the demand for green hydrogen, its share in the total energy is 12 percent. Emphasis is being laid on increasing its consumption in heavy vehicles, railways and industries. The future belongs to hydrogen energy, so big companies like Reliance and Adani are moving fast in this direction. They are a good choice for long distance trucks, cars, cargo ships, trains. At present its demand in India is 67 to 70 lakh tonnes. The emphasis is on increasing it.
what will be the challenges
If we look at the figures, the Green Hydrogen Mission is a big step in the direction of clean energy, but its cost can become a big challenge. If you look at a report by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), currently its price ranges from Rs 340 to Rs 400 per kg. At the same time, with the increase in production by the year 2030, there may be some decline in its prices, but still it can remain up to Rs 150 per kg. The production of green energy has to be increased to 50 lakh tonnes by this time limit. The biggest challenge in using green hydrogen is its cost. Their use in industries will increase only when its price comes within Rs 150 per kg. Refinery, fertilizer and steel industries are its biggest customers.
Will there be less pollution
Green hydrogen can prove to be helpful in cutting carbon emissions. It will also help in India’s net zero carbon emission policy. By the year 2070, the government has set a target of net zero carbon emissions, which will be helped by this mission. If its use starts only in the steel and iron industry, then by 2050 there will be a reduction of 35 percent in carbon emissions.
what will be the benefits
- With the help of green hydrogen, it will help in tackling the challenges of climate change.
- Green hydrogen can be used in places like transport, chemical, iron.
- It is a good source of energy as an alternative, which also reduces the problem of carbon emissions.
- It will also help in achieving the goal of net zero carbon emissions by the year 2070.
- Will help reduce carbon emissions.
- Dependence on fossil fuel will be reduced.
- Not only this, there will be an increase in the export of green hydrogen and its related products.
- Electrolyzer plants with 60 to 100 GW capacity will be ready for this green hydrogen mission.
- By the year 2030, 6 lakh jobs will be created.
- Dependence on import of fossil fuels will be reduced and Rs 1 lakh crore will be saved due to reduction in imports.
- There will be a reduction of 50 lakh tonnes in green house gas.
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